Synopsis

CPP 511 - Horticultural Crop Production ( 2credits) - History, definition, classification and importance of fruit, vegetable and ornamental crops. - Ecological distribution of vegetables and fruits in Nigeria. - Varieties and adaptation of exotic vegetables and fruits to the Nigerian environment. - Types and systems of vegetable and fruit production. - Production practices, harvesting, handling, processing, storage, marketing and utilization of vegetables and tropical fruit crops. - Methods of plant propagation. - Nursery systems, diseases and pests of vegetables and fruit crops. - Horticultural machines and equipment - Principles of producing, planting, maintaining, ornamental trees, shrubs, perennials and fruits in the nursery, homes and parks. CPP 512 - Field Crop Production (2 credits) - Soil and climatic requirements - Growth requirement - Weed control and water use - Improved Varieties - Production practices - Diseases and pests - Harvesting, processing, storage, marketing and utilization of field crops (Cereals, Legumes, Roots, Sugar etc). CPP 521 - Farming System (2 credits) - Concept of a farming system - Factors determining farming systems - Physical, biological and socio-economic characteristics of tropical small-scale farming systems. - Nomadic, shifting cultivation, fallow rotation, permanent cultivation etc. - Cropping system scale: inter sequential, relay etc. - Mixed Farming - Crops and livestock, the different systems aim at crop productivity, soil productivity and labour productivity. - Application of new technologies to different farming systems. - Important crops based on Nigerian farming systems. CPP 522 - Plantation Crop Production (2 credits) - Importance of plantation crops grown in Nigeria systems: origin, distribution of soils and climate, improved varieties; - Production practices - Cultural methods - Fertilization, water use and weed control of trees and plantation crops. CGB 511 - Seed Processing, Certification and Storage (2 credits) - Seed characteristics affecting seed processing, processing plant layout. - Various seed processing equipment and their use - Methods of seed processing - Seed extraction and post extraction operations. - Scope and importance of se4ed certification. - Certification agencies, standards and methods (for various crops). - Scope and importance of seed storage. - Factors affecting seed longevity in storage - Storage facilities and environmental control methods - Quality Control in storage, seed packaging in relation to seed storage. CGB 512 - Plant Breeding (2 credits) - Significance of reproductive systems in cultivated plants. - Sexual and asexual reproduction - Techniques and principles of crop germplasm bank - Role of plant breeding in pest and disease control in crops. - Selection methods in breeding programmes. - Maintenance of breeding stock. - Multiplication and distribution of improved crop varieties. CCS 511 - Statistical Methods and Experimental Design (2 credits) - Definition and scope of statistics - Collection, tabulation and graphic representation of statistical data - Measures of central tendency and dispersion tests of significance - Analysis of Variance - Principles of experimental designs - Factors influencing plot size, plot shape and number of replications. - Experimental layout, analysis of data and interpretation of results of commonly used designs. - Completely randomized, randomized complete block, Latin square and split plot designs, Factorial experiments in basic designs. - Simple regression and correlation. - Data transformation - Missing data techniques. CGB 514 - Crop Cytogenetics (2 credits) 1. The Cell: Structure, organelles and their functions. Cell division: mitosis, meiosis and their importance. 2. The Nucleus: Components; the chromosome structure and functions; changes in Chromosome structure and number and their effects on fertility and viability; DNA/RNA Replication. Location of genes on chromosomes. 3. Karyotype analysis 4. Genetic mapping and maps 5. Chromosomal basis for crop plant evolution 6. Incompatibility systems in crop plants; genetic and chromosomal bases for incompatibility. CPP 523 - Forage and Fodder Crop Production (2 credits) - Adaptation and botany of indigenous and introduced. Pastures and forage plants. - Characteristics of grasses, legumes and shrubs. - Establishment, production and seed production of pasture plants - Utilization and maintenance of permanent and temporary pastures. - Forage conservation and dry season feeds.